We compared two 6-core desktop CPUs: the 2.5 GHz Intel Core i5 12400F against the 3.7 GHz AMD Ryzen 5 5600X. On this page, you’ll find out which processor has better performance in benchmarks, games and other useful information.
The high-end 12th generation core flagship processor has been on the market for a while, and we have been impressed by the unique hybrid architecture design and outstanding performance. But from the perspective of recent years, the majority of intel processor shipments have always been the 400 series of core i5, because the i5 mid-range processors of intel have excellent single-core performance and moderate power consumption, and they are not picky about the motherboard, so they will become the choice of mainstream consumers.
On the major e-commerce platforms, the package price of the i5-12400F + B660 DDR4 motherboard is between Rs.23,614 – 23,614, which is similar to the price of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X + B550 motherboard, so in this article, we will compare the two mid-range shipping forces to see which of them is more powerful.
Specifications & Introduction
The boxed version of the i5-12400F package in our hands comes with a newly designed Laminar RM1 down-pressure radiator, considering that the i5-12400F itself does not have a high power consumption, and using this radiator is not a big problem. Therefore, in the next comparative test, the i5-12400F and AMD Ryzen 5 5600X will be tested with the original heat sink.
Although the i5-12400F is still 6 cores and 12 threads, and the highest turbo frequency is still 4.4GHz, these 6 performance cores are all new products based on the GoldenCove architecture, and the process process has also been upgraded to intel 7, so the actual performance of single cores has been improved to a certain extent, and the power consumption will be lower.
In terms of caching, the i5-12400F has 480KB of L1 cache, 7.5MB of L2 cache, and 18MB of L3 cache. Compared with the previous generation of 12MB of L3 cache is much improved, so the iPC efficiency of the i5-12400F is much higher than that of the old product, and it will have more advantages in online games.
AMD’s R5-5600X is already a veteran, it is also using a 6-core 12-thread specification, using TSMC 7nm process to build, the basic frequency of 3.7GHz, acceleration frequency of 4.6GHz. The L3 cache for the AMD Ryzen R5 5600X is larger than the i5-12400F, reaching 32MB. Its comprehensive performance is also very good, so it is quite popular in these two years.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X and Intel Core i5-12400F Specifications
Full technical specification of Intel Core i5 12400F and AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
|Released||January 4, 2022||October 8, 2020|
|Base Frequency||2.5 GHz||3.7 GHz|
|Turbo Boost Frequency||4.4 GHz||4.6 GHz|
|Bus frequency||100 MHz||100 MHz|
|L1 Cache||64K (per core)||64K (per core)|
|L2 Cache||1280K (per core)||512K (per core)|
|L3 Cache||18MB (shared)||32MB (shared)|
|Fabrication process||10 nm||7 nm|
|TDP||65 W||65 W|
|Memory types||DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200||DDR4-3200|
|Memory Size||128 GB||128 GB|
|Max. Memory Channels||2||2|
|Max. Memory Bandwidth||76.8 GB/s||47.68 GB/s|
|Official site||Intel Core i5 12400F official page||AMD Ryzen 5 5600X official page|
|PCI Express Version||5.0||4.0|
|PCI Express Lanes||20||20|
Next, to introduce you to the test platform, the motherboard we all choose MSI’s mortar series, intel this side due to the new MSI msi MAG B660M MORTAR WIFI can only use DDR5 memory, so we chose The Indydia DDR5 4800MHz 32GB to match.
The operating system adopts Windows 11, the version is the latest 22000.434 version on February 9, the BIOS settings are restored to the default + XMP1, and the resolution is reduced to 1080P throughout the test, and the image quality is turned on to a high level to avoid the bottleneck caused by the graphics card at high resolution, and also to avoid the impact of the frame rate caused by the difference in memory capacity.
Let’s start by roasting a machine and see how they perform under the condition of the original radiator. Intel side i5-12400F in a single baking 10 minutes, the temperature is stable at 83 ° C, power consumption 88W, full core frequency 3990MHz, it can be seen that the original radiator pressure i5-12400F problem is not big, but want to pursue a higher turbo frequency and lower temperature, or prepare a Rs. 1,180 – 2000 air cooling is better.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X this side with the original radiator pressing is no problem, the frequency is stable at 3900MHz, and the power consumption is lower, only 78W, but the temperature is higher, reaching 87 ° C, it seems that the heat accumulation problem of Ryzen is still there, and it is hoped that the next generation of upgrades will be improved.
We next conducted the CPU theory running score test, first of all, CPU-Z comes with the running score, we chose the latest 19.01.64 AVX2 benchmark, got a single core 985 points, multi-core 6703 points, this single core score has far exceeded the previous generation of i9-11900K, it seems that this generation of Core improvement is quite large.
The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is a single-core 723 points and a multi-core 5217, which is much inferior to the i5-12400F, whether it is a single-core multi-core.
In GeekBench 5, the i5-12400F received a single-core score of 1570 points and a multi-core score of 9402 points, as a comparison, the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has a single core of 1536 points and a multi-core of 7678 points, whether it is a single-core multi-core, the i5-12400F has some advantages.
Next, we use the game, office, and productivity scenario test software to see their theoretical performance. The first is 3DMark Time Spy, which represents theoretical game performance, the i5-12400F received a CPU score of 9678 points, with a total score of 13594 points. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has a CPU score of 7741 points, a total score of 12872 points, this gap is still very large, it seems that the i5-12400F will be a good choice for gamers.
Next up is the Procyon Office Productivity Test, which represents basic office performance, with an i5-12400F score of 6191 and an AMD Ryzen R5 5600X score of 5608.
We got similar results in the PCMark10, which showcases advanced office performance, with the i5-12400F scoring 7319 and the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X scoring 7164, both of which are satisfied for office users, while the i5-12400F has a slight upper hand.
In the video clip test plug-in PugetBenchMark For Pr, the i5-12400F scored 804 points and the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X scored 748 points, a gap that is also consistent with our test above: both can meet the needs of medium-intensity video editing, while the i5-12400F is slightly better.
Finally, we made a theoretical running point histogram and a percentage histogram for everyone, and it can be seen that in all the above projects, i5-12400F has certain advantages.
Consumers who buy this gear processor must be mostly for the game, because the daily office i3 is enough, the productivity link is more popular with hybrid architecture processors, so the i5-12400F that focuses on single-core performance is obviously for gamers. So let’s take a few representative games and see how their frame rates perform.
The first is benchMark of Far Cry: New Dawn, the i5-12400F can reach an average of 141 frames, and it seems that the graphics cards of the 12th generation Core i5 + RTX 3070 or so are a good match. The R5-5600X is an average of 131 frames, which is a bit behind the i5-12400F, of course, there are also DDR5 and DDR4 factors.
In the recently free PUBG, there is nothing wrong with both, the frame difference is not large, when running the picture outdoors in the same scene, the i5-12400F can reach an average of about 332 frames, while the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is about 323 frames on average.
In the racing game Forza Horizon 4, we run our own BenchMark, the i5-12400F can reach an average of 225 frames, while the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is an average of 216, a lead of about 5%, which is similar to the data from the above games.
The above games are still relatively cpu-eating, we finally tested a game that eats CPU: Age of Empires 4, when running the same battle and the same screen, the i5-12400F can reach 232 frames, and the R5-5600X is an average of 211 frames. This game is more challenging cpu multi-core performance, so the i5-12400F with the new architecture will be more popular.
We also made a comparison table and percentage table of game frames for everyone, in the game i5-12400F also has advantages, although compared to AMD Ryzen 5 5600X advantages are not as big as the theoretical running score, but this processor is indeed more suitable for the game.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X vs Intel Core i5-12400F Price
The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X debuted on November 5, 2020 with a suggested retail price of $299. It has remained around that price ever since. That dropped to around $280-$290 only after Intel’s Elder Lake processors were released. However, the stock was hard to come by early. But it has been widely available throughout 2021 and 2022.
The Intel Core i5-12400F went on sale on January 4, 2022, for a mere $190. Stock varies by retailer. But it is not very difficult to find it immediately after release. However, motherboard prices are higher for Intel CPUs. AMD Ryzen demands a $70 premium on entry-level motherboards compared to buyers’ options.
Buy the 12400F new, but the 5600X is a solid upgrade
If you want to build or buy a new PC. So the Intel Core i5-12400F is a great option, offering mid-range performance in gaming and productivity tasks at a very affordable price. Motherboards are still more expensive than this CPU, and you can’t take full advantage of the Elder Lake generation’s feature set without paying more. But the 12400F outshines most of its high-end predecessors, and is competitive with AMD’s much more expensive 5600X nearly everywhere.
That said, if you have an existing AMD PC with an older Ryzen CPU and it is compatible with the 5000 series. So the 5600X still represents a great upgrade path. Could do with the price coming down, as the CPU is far less exciting in 2022 – easily falling behind the 12600K and 12700K in most scenarios. But it’s still an excellent processor for gaming, and photo and video editing. It’s a nice upgrade, but AMD’s Zen 4 is approaching the end of the year and Elder Lake represents yet more exciting new build options. The Intel Core i5-12400F is definitely the more interesting CPU for new PC buyers.
When testing the 12th Generation Core i7 and i9 before, I found that many motherboards offered a game mode that shielded small cores. This shows that a stronger single core is the one that has the greatest impact on the game, while the small core is designed for multitasking and low-power requirements. At present, the package price of i5-12400F + B660 DDR4 motherboard is between Rs.23,614 – 23,614, which retains the strong core that gamers need most, and the price is also reasonable, I believe it can become the mainstream choice of game consoles in 2022.